(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

242                                  ME                 OF GQBDO DSTA.

are decorative only, not eonstroetnral: the spandrek In Hie head might
be—asd, as a fact, for tie most part had been—struck out, leaving only the
IIKP* supported on the straight jambs, without any Injury to the stability of
the bmidinar.   They have been reinserted in the course of the recent resto-
ration.   At the east entrance of the nave there Is a small nartliex fifteen feet
deep; and at the west end. between two niches and incased in a rich canopy of
sculpture,   a square-headed  iocrway leads Into the choir, a chamber some
Iwentv feet bv twentv.   Bevocd this was the saerariuin,* flanked on either
iitle by a lateral chapel ; each of these three cells being of the same dimen-
sions as the choir, and like it vaulted by a lofty dome.    The general effect of
the Interior Is not unlike that produced by Saint Paul's Cathedra! in Loadon.
The latter building has greatly the advantage In size, but in the other; the
central dome Is more elegant, while the richer decoration of the wall surface
and the natural glow of the red sandstone supply that relief and warmth of
colouring which are so lamentably deficient in its western rival.

The ground-plan is so similar to that of many European churches as to
suggest the idea that the architect was assisted by the Jesuit missionaries, who
were people of considerable influence at Akbar's court: were this really the
ease, the temple would be one of the most eclectic buildings in the world, having
a Christian ground-plan, a Hinda elevation, and a roof of modified Saracenic
claracter.   Bat the surmise, though a curious one, must not be too closely
pressed; f?r <ome of the temples at Khajuroo, by Sfahoba, are of similar design
aad of much curlier date; nor is it very likely that the Jesuits wocdd have
interested themselves in the construction of a heathen fane.    Such action on
their pare, supposing theia to have taken it, would find a parallel in the persist-
ency with which the Bake of York (afterwards James II.)  stood out for the
provision of two side chapels ia Wren's design for the Protestant cathedral of
St. Paul's,—a building wMch he hoped in the coarse of his reign to recover for
the Catholics.

It would seem that, according to the original design, there were to have
been five towers; one over the central dome, and the other four covering

the BCTT wwta tint I look In handf sad noteHy ia the Catholic Church, which I left mrfnuhed,
1 eoofonoed to the §enins fart, aad rftowect my recognition of its principles, not by a servile
imitation of older example^ tat wilier by boldly modifying' them in accordance with later re-
, and so developing noTel combinations.

* The Sanskrit twins for the component parts of a temple are—the awe, mandapa; the choir,
catarlfa, tad the lacraxlam jarbka, gnk&. The more ordinary Hindi sabstitntes are—for the
aare #rfl4 aai for the choir, jag-naka*i while wuatSr, the temple^ specially dgaotei She i
riw^ mi *ay iMe           Is rtjlci » w*»fl»